Captured Union Locomotives

Name Number Type Date Builder Weight Cylinders Driver Diam
Captured from Baltimore & Ohio Railroad by Jackson in June 1861 and hauled to Confederate railroads by Capt. Thomas Sharp
  33 0x8x0 rebuilt 1853 B&O 29 19"x22" 43"
  34 0x8x0 rebuilt 1853 B&O 29 19"x22" 43"
  50 0x6x0 12/1847 Baldwin 17 13.5"x18" 43"
  76 0x8x0 9/1851 B&O 29 20"x22" 43"
  83 0x8x0 10/1851 B&O 29 20"x22" 43"
  126 4x4x0 1/1853 Norris   14"x24" 60"
  188 4x4x0 11/1858 B&O 27 16"x22" 60"
  199 4x6x0 11/1853 Denmead 30 19"x20" 50"
  204 4x6x0 3/1854 Denmead 30 19"x20" 50"
  208 4x4x0 11/1854 Murray & Hazlehurst 28 15"x20" 60"
  225 4x6x0 8/1857 Denmead 30 18"x24" 50"
  226 4x6x0 9/1857 Denmead 30 18"x24" 50"
  231 4x4x0 8/1857 Mason 27 16"x22" 60"
  235 4x4x0 8/1857 Mason 28 16"x22" 60"
Captured at Harpers Ferry 50
Captured at Duffields 33, 34, 76, 83, 225
Captured at Martinsburg 126, 188, 199, 204, 208, 226, 231, 235
Confederate Names
33
34 Gladiator was the B&O name, the Confederate name is not yet known (then used in CS ironclad Neuse)
50
76 Orion
83 General Price, Raleigh
126 Stonewall Jackson
188 Calvin Graves
199 Dixie
204
208 General Huger
225 Hercules
226 General Robert E. Lee
231 Colonel A. C. Myers, Holden Rhodes
235 Powhatan, President Jefferson Davis
   These are the most complete reports in the press that I have found of the Confederate removal of the B&O locomotives. At least 80 cars were taken to Richmond.
NP, CW 6-13-61
NP, RD 10-14-61
NP, GP 10-15-63
NP, IE 12-17A-63
A QM order for transportation lists No. 222 (225?), along with 83 and 231.
NA, VC 10-11-61
 
Captured from McClellan on the Peninsula in June 1862
Exeter
   (Confederate name: General Pettigrew)

(Purchased from Boston & Maine RR)

  4x4x0 1850 Hinkley & Drury 21 15"x20" 54"(66"?)
Spark

(Purchased from Builder)

  4x4x0 6/1862 Norris   15"x24" 60"
Speedwell
   (Confederate name: Chickahominy)

(Purchased from Old Colony & Fallon RR)

  4x4x0 1859 Lawrence   15"x22" 60"
Ontario

(Purchased from Fitchburg RR)

  4x4x0 1848 Hinkley & Drury   16"x20" 46"
Wyandank
   (Confederate name: Vulcan)

(Purchased from Long Island RR)

  4x4x0 1853 Baldwin   16"x20" 61"
Lincoln

(Purchased from Fitchburg RR)

  4x4x0 1848 Hinkley & Drury   16"x20" 46"(54"?)
   80 cars were also lost, with some or all added to the Confederate inventory
NP, CE 8-4-62
NP, CW 9-8-62
 
Captured from Pope at Second Manassas in August 1862
Hero

(Purchased from Builder)

   4x4x0 7/1862 Norris 27 16"x24" 54"
Captain Ferguson
   (Confederate name: Atlas)

(Purchased from Farnum & Durant)

  4x4x0 9/1856 Lawrence 24 15.5"x24" 54"
D. C. McCallum
   (Confederate name: Pocahontas)

(Purchased from Builder)

  4x4x0 5/1862 Mason   15"x22" 60"
Job Terry

(Purchased from Old Colony & Fall River RR)

  4x4x0 1846 Hinkley & Drury 21 15"x20" 60" (54"?)
 
136

(Purchased (?) from Baltimore & Ohio RR)

0x8x0 4/1853 Ross Winans 38 19"x24" 43"
   295 cars were ordered destroyed. Many were saved by the Confederates
NP, MT 8-29-62
NP, RD 10-11-62
 
Captured on the Orange & Alexandria RR shortly before Second Manassas in August 1862
Red Bird
   (Confederate name: Mars)

(Purchased from Builder)

  4x4x0 7/1862 New Jersey 26 16"x24" 54"
President
   (Confederate name: General Stuart)

(Purchased from Builder)

  4x4x0 1862 Rogers 23 16"x22" 60"
Panther

(Purchased from Boston & Worcester RR)

  0x8x0 1843 Hinkley & Drury 22 13.5"x20" 36"
   60 cars were ordered burned at or en route to Aquia Creek
NP, RD 10-11-62
 
Captured near Fredericksburg, August 31, 1862
Washington

(Purchased from Reading RR)

  4x4x0 1846 Baldwin   15.5"x20" 42"
   57 cars were also lost at this time
This may be the locomotive mentioned in NA, QMR 10-27A-62
 
   Union army reports confirm the destruction of 5 locomotives and 147 cars at Bristoe Station, on the Union side of the Orange & Alexandria RR.
   Locomotives captured in Northern Virginia in the summer of 1862 were divided up among at least 3 Virginia railroads.
NA, SWT 10-1-62
NA, SWR 10-9-62
NP, CM 10-9-62
NA, SWT 10-10-62
   A September 18, 1862 article says that 3 locomotives had been captured near Stevenson, Ala. and were very valuable to the Confederate Army.
   A May 9, 1863 report of the Stoneman raid says that the Virginia Central RR locomotive Augusta was captured by the raiders. The locomotive had previously been captured by the North, in 1862, and promptly recaptured by the South.
   In December, 1864, the Piedmont RR reports owning locomotive Hercules.
   An OR telegram and a December newspaper article reported the capture of at least 2 locomotives and 28 cars on the Memphis & Charleston RR. A January 1865 newspaper report says that Forrest captured two locomotives and 60 cars on the Nashville & Chattanooga RR. A December 12th report says that four locomotives had been captured and were running on the Nashville & Decatur Road. A newspaper report says that the Forrest captures (the 2 and 60) had been transferred to the Nashville & Decatur Road. All of these locomotives (between 2 and 6) were used to support Hood during the Nashville campaign. They were not able to be transferred south after the Nashville battle because of a destroyed bridge at Columbia, Tenn.
OR Series 1, Vol. 45, Part 2, Page 636
NP, RS 12-8-64
OR Series 1, Vol. 45, Part 2, Page 653
OR Series 1, Vol. 45, Part 2, Page 656
OR Series 1, Vol. 45, Part 1, Page 657
NP, CE 12-12-64
NP, AC 1-10A-65
OR Series 1, Vol. 45, Part 1, Page 652
   Though not quite Union locomotives, the seizure of 5 Louisville & Nashville RR locomotives on July 4, 1861 added their capacity to the Confederate war effort. On September 18, 1861, another 11 locomotives were captured by Confederate forces, but there is no indication in the L&N RR records that they were retained by the Confederacy.
AR, L&N 7-1-61 P (Sup)
AR, L&N 7-1-61 P (Sup2)

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