NP, ASCY 2/8/1862

From the Southern Confederacy (Atlanta, Ga.)
February 8, 1862
Memphis Correspondence of the Southern Confederacy
Memphis, Jan. 31
Messrs. Editors,
   Today, for the first time in ten days, freight will be received for Atlanta and points beyond. One o'clock is the hour advertised for opening the Depot, but by 5 o'clock this morning, drays loaded to their utmost capacity, commenced forming on the streets, and at this hour (10 A. M.) every passable avenue is crowded, and for miles an unbroken string of drays presents itself. ***** 
   For several days, we have had rainy weather, combined with snow and sleet. The Levee presents a most lively scene. Notwithstanding the almost impossibility of shipping from here, boat after boat arrives, laden to the guards with freight, principally Sugar and Molasses. Every warehouse and available store-room is filled with goods, awaiting shipment. Every vacant lot is covered with Molasses exposed to the weather, and thousands of hhds of Sugar with but a flimsy tarpaulin at best to protect them. 
   The demands of the Government upon the Memphis & Charleston Railroad occupy an average of one-third their stock and power all the time, and frequently a requisition from the "powers that be" uses all of it for days together. With this immense demand upon them, you can readily perceive, it is but a small portion of freight for each point that can be moved. Every exertion is used by the officers of the Road, and every possible accommodation extended in their power, but as you must be aware, more freight is delivered by the boats than is transported by the Roads. For the past six weeks, instead of decreasing the amount of freight for shipment, it has increased. *****
   Many merchants bought goods months ago, paid for them, and sold them to planters and farmers "to arrive," and have re-invested the amount in goods again. But where are the goods? Buried three or four tiers deep in some warehouse, with scarce a hope of shipment. Their money, and their customers' money safely locked up, and the goods, owing to this changeable weather, in a very unenviable state. Everywhere is the scene of leaking, barrel hoops bursting, heads out, staves broken, and other equally consoling et ceteras.
   A visit to the warehouses and other points where goods are lying, will be sufficient to discourage almost any one. Prominent amongst the many marks, stands the freight for Georgia. Every prominent station upon every Road, is fully represented here, and more freight for Atlanta than any half dozen others, Macon, Savannah, Augusta, Charleston and South Carolina points, also stand in bold relief, and meet the eye at every turn. Freights are piled upon each other until it almost seems as if the lower tier would be crushed with the weight upon them, and still the boats arrive and discharge their enormous loads. What is to be done?
   How are out merchants, planters and all who have bought goods, that are stored here, to be relieved? It is impossible, (with every facility and no demands from Government, and no more freights brought by boats,) for the M. & C. Railroad, to clear up this freight for months to come.
   There is but one way that seems to present itself, which is this: Most of our Southern Roads are not using more than two-thirds, or at most three-fourths of their capacity. If they could send their surplus to this point, they could relieve their own line of Road. The M. & C. Railroad is willing to pay liberally for any accommodation or any help. Without this is done, our citizens will sustain large losses by damage and otherwise. The freight cannot be moved by any other means.