AR, M&C 7/1/1861 S

Annual Report of the Memphis & Charleston RR
as of July 1, 1861,
Superintendent's Report
Superintendent's Report
Transportation Department
M. & C. Railroad, Memphis, July 1st, 1861
Col. Sam. Tate
   I herewith submit the following report of operations in the Transportation Department, for the last fiscal year, terminating June 30th.
   The receipts from all sources have been:
From Passengers $1,022,595.48
From Freight 729,885.93
From Mail 54,064.58
From Express Freight 26,296.94
From Rents, Tolls and Privileges 8,279.67
   Gross Earnings $1,841,122.60
The total operating expenses, conducting transportation, maintenance of way, cars and motive power, amounts to 793,735.78
Nett earnings $1,047,386.82
or 56 89/100 per cent. nett earnings, to 43 11/100 per cent. expenses.
The gross increase of nett earnings over business of last year, amounts to $206,025.93
Increased expenses for same period 32,235.78
   Increased nett earnings $173,790.15
   Taking into consideration the disturbed commercial and political condition of the country, the operations of the road show satisfactory and gratifying results; in obtaining which, the machinery, rolling stock and road bed, have not been neglected, but fully maintained and kept up.
Motive Power and Rolling Stock
   The rolling stock of the Company consists of:
50 Locomotives
30 First Class Passenger Cars
9 Second Class Passenger Cars
2 Branch-Road Passenger Cars
11 Baggage Cars
2 extra Baggage and Pay Cars
314 Box Freight Cars
254 Platform Freight Cars
25 Stock Cars
41 Gravel Cars
74 Road and Hand Cars
   There has been added to the road equipment during the last fiscal year, four first class passenger cars, from the works of Barney, condemned and worn out cars, have been replaced by new cars built in the Company's shops, and charged to operating expenses. Parker & Co.; 28 box cars and 26 platform cars.
   The motive power has been increased by the addition of eight new first class engines, two passenger and six freight; five of which are from the Rogers Locomotive Works, and three from the works of M. W. Baldwin  Co., all most excellent machines.
   Four of the freight engines are ten wheelers, and have fully realized expectation, and have proved more economical than any other engines in dispatching a heavy freight business.
   The completion of the offices and depots at Huntsville, Collierville, La Fayette, Grand Junction and Corinth, add much to the convenience and accommodation of business and travel.
   A passenger depot at Decatur, passenger and freight depots at Courtland, Leighton and Tuscumbia, are greatly needed, the erection of which is earnestly urged.
   Under the management of Col. M. B. Prichard, the track and bridges have been kept in good order and greatly improved by ballasting, renewal of cross-ties, ditching, filling in trestles and replacing trestles with wooden and iron bridges; placing, beyond a doubt, the safety of trains over rapid streams, heretofore subject to damage from high freshets, so common to our line of road.
   Many wood-sheds and water-stations have been erected on the line of road during the year. Some of the tanks are supplied from fountains, affording a full and reliable supply of water at all seasons and to a great extent aid in operating the trains with regularity and economy.
   If the system of wood-sheds and fountain tanks is carried out at every practicable point on the line of road, it will place that branch in a reliable condition at all times, the want of which, has often been the source of much inconvenience.
   The report of the Chief Engineer will place before you these matters in more detail.
   The trains have been run with usual success and regularity.
   But one passenger has been killed or injured during the year from accident to trains.
   On the 4th of September a heavy freshet washed out a culvert one and a half miles east of Trinity, by which the express train going east, was thrown from the track. An iron rail passed through the end of one of the passenger cars, striking a passenger by the name of Sam'l L. Turnbull, on the head. He survived his injuries about twenty hours.
   On the 15th of October, the locomotive Cherokee blew up, about one half mile west of La Grange. The explosion is supposed to have been caused by the heated condition of the engine and the sudden supply of cold water in the boiler.
   The runner and firemen were slightly injured. No one else hurt.
   The usual tabular statements in condensed form, exhibiting the annual operations and comparisons, are herewith submitted:
   No. 1 Statement of Monthly Receipts and Expenses for the year ending June 30th, 1861
   No. 2 Detailed statement of expenses
   No. 3 Statement of number and receipts from through passengers for the year ending June 30th, 1861
   No. 4 Statement of number and receipts from local passengers from each station, for year ending June 30th, 1861
   No. 5 Showing amount of passenger receipts for each month, for year ending June 30th, 1861
   No. 6 Statement of receipts from local and through freight, east and west, for the year ending June 30th, 1861
   No. 7 Statement of amount of freight received and forwarded for the year ending June 30th, 1861
   No. 8 Statement of the number of bales of cotton carried, for the year ending June 30th, 1861
   No. 9 Description, mileage and condition of locomotives
   The following synopsis from statements is here inserted for convenient reference
Total number of passengers carried 353,646
Equivalent to through passengers 94,240
Passengers carried one mile 25,539,040
Average distance traveled by each passenger -- miles 72
Excess in number of passengers carried over last year 61,991
Excess of passenger receipts over last year $47,336.15
Number of passengers carried Eastward 175,409
Number of passengers carried Westward 178,237
Total receipts from Eastward passengers $509,705.70
Total receipts from Westward passengers $512,889.78
Difference in No. passengers Eastw'd and Westw'd 2,828
Total receipts from through freight East $182,378.20
Total receipts from through freight West $96,590.47
Total receipts from local freight East $202,749.90
Total receipts from local freight West $248,167.36
Receipts per mile of road $6,326.88
Expenses per mile of road $2,727.61
Repairs of roadway per mile $845.91
Miles run by passenger trains 464,336
Miles run by freight trains 345,336
Miles run by ballast and extra trains 142,853
Total miles run 952,525
Repairs of engines per mile run 5c
Cost of wood per mile run 5c
Cost of tallow, oil and waste per mile run 0.9c
Cost of engineers and firemen per mile run 5.3c
Aggregate cost per mile run 16.2
Number of bales cotton carried to Memphis 165,657
Number of bales cotton carried to Florence 2,240
Number of bales of cotton carried to Chattanooga 20,009
Total number bales carried on the M. & C. Railroad 188,349
Decrease in number of bales compared with last year 37,052
   During the month of May the road was deprived of the services of two valuable officers, by sudden death: Thomas Dougherty, Master Mechanic in the Memphis shop, died after a short illness, on the 10th May.
   John Gramps, Track Master on the Western Division, a number of years in the service of the Company dropped dead in his yard from apoplexy, on the 26th of May.
   Both of these gentlemen were experienced and efficient Railroad men.
   To T. H. Bunch & Wm. Babb, Assistant Superintendents, for efficient and valuable services, I am much indebted.
   It is again my pleasure to bear testimony to the continued zeal and interest manifested by all other officers, agents and employees of the Company in their respective departments.
Respectfully submitted,
W. J. Ross
General Superintendent