AR, M&C 7/1/1861 CE

Annual Report of the Memphis & Charleston RR
as of July 1, 1861,
Chief Engineer's Report
Chief Engineer's Report
Sam Tate, Esq.
President Memphis & Charleston Railroad
   The following report of expenditures and operations in the departments of Maintenance of Way and Construction for the year ending June 30th, 1861, is respectfully submitted:
Construction Account for the Year Ending June 30th 1861:
  East'rn Div. West'n Div. Totals
For attorneys' fees and court costs   29.95 29.95
Permanent bridges 16,415.35 7,183.48 23,598.83
Cross-ties   781.42 781.42
Depot buildings, cotton platforms, &c 12,398.15 23,628.18 36,026.33
Division and tool houses 74.87 174.53 249.40
Engineering and contingencies   4,200.55 4,200.55
Florence branch 3,031.11   3,031.11
Fencing 1,767.18 14.00 1,781.18
Freight cars 26,404.68 6,462.99 32,857.67
Grading and masonry 26,069.85 34,857.55 60,427.40
Iron rails   3,516.01 3,516.01
Locomotives 20,586.16 54,529.85 75,116.01
Machine shops and engine houses 1,668.26 376.50 2,044.76
Machinery for shops 1,341.27 1,660.00 3,001.27
Passenger and baggage cars   9,800.00 9,800.00
Right of way 680.00 250.00 930.00
Road and hand cars 139.67   139.67
Real estate 512.00 1,289.39 1,801.39
Track laying 363.36 727.17 1,090.53
Wood and water stations 6,651.44 4,892.94 11,544.38
Total construction and equipment expenditures 118,103.35 153,834.51 271,977.86
Construction proper 69,631.57 81,421.67 151,053.24
Equipment 48,471.78 72,452.84 120,921.62
   Total 118,103.35 153,873.00 271,977.86
   These expenditures have been made for the following purposes:

Western Division

Under the head of permanent bridges 7,183.48
   This covers the cost of 6 spans of iron truss girder bridge, of 65 feet each, at Muddy Creek. Also, roofing with tin, covering and painting bridges at Wolf River and Grisom's Creek. Also, finishing Madison street bridge, and building watch-houses, and miscellaneous work and materials.
For depot-buildings, cotton-platforms, etc 23,628.18
   New cotton-platform at Memphis, 800 by 350 feet; down-freight house, covered platform 400 by 30 feet; brick depots at Lafayette and Collierville; freight-houses and platforms at Grand Junction; covered platform and offices at Corinth; passenger-platforms and shelter at Ridgeway and other points, and sundry other work and materials.
Under head of grading and masonry is charged 34,357.55
   This covers the completion of the filling at Big Hill, Saulsbury, Spring Creek, and other large trestles; grading at Memphis cotton yard, expense of quarrying and hauling rock on train, and building 2,500 perches masonry for bridges or culverts at Big Hatchie, Big Muddy, and Spring Creek; No's 1 and 2, at 25 and 27 Mile Posts, near Buntyn's, and at other points, etc., etc.
For iron rails 3,516.01
   These rails were used principally for new side-tracks at Chattanooga.
For real estate 1,289.39
   The principal items under this head are the amounts paid the Whitby estate for lands at Memphis depot, for paving Adams and Union streets, taxes on real estate, lands for division-houses in Tishomingo county, etc., etc., less three thousand dollars received for the sale of the Lightfoot tract, near Bear Creek.
For wood and water stations 4,892.94
   This covers the cost of completing wood and water houses at White's, Pocahontas, LaGrange, and Burns', securing wells with stone curbing, furnishing Memphis cotton yard with pipes and hydrants, two stationary stream engines for sawing and pumping, hoisting gear, saws, pumps, tanks, hose, etc. The remaining items are small and sufficiently explain themselves.
Eastern Division
Under the head of permanent bridges the amount expended is shown to be 16,415.35
   This includes the cost of the following structures: Completion of Crow Creek Bridge, iron bridges at Limestone and Piney creeks and sloughs, and 4 spans, 34 feet each, between Courtland and Decatur; covering, tinning, and painting new bridges at Town Creek, Buzzard Roost, Spring and Crow Creeks, and miscellaneous expenses
The amount charged to depot buildings is 12,398.15
   This covers the cost of completing and furnishing the passenger house and office at Huntsville, brick depot at Scottsboro, material and labor for additional depot facilities at Decatur and Florence in part, proportion of cost of depot at Dickson, and sundries.
There is charged to Division-houses for sundries 74.87
Under head of Florence branch is charged 3,031.11
   This amount was expended for addition to freight-house, woodshed, and negro-quarters at Florence, anchoring Tennessee river bridge, and miscellaneous work.
The amount charged to grading and masonry is 26,069.85
   This has been expended for masonry at Bear Creek bottom, Dickson, Clear Creek, Indian Creek, Brownsboro, Swan Lake and slough, Limestone and Piney Creeks, and sundry culvert masonry, including foundations and cement; filling trestle at Swan Lake and slough, Limestone, Piney, and Beaver Dam, and sundries -- 1,964 feet trestle filled.
The amount charged to machine shops and engine houses is 1,668.26
   This amount was expended for fencing and paving in and about Huntsville machine shop, cost of Tuscumbia turn-table in part, and cost of iron tank at Huntsville machine shop.
There is charged to right of way 680.00
The amount charged to real estate is for town lots at Florence, and plan, etc., of Huntsville property 512.00
The amount charged for track-laying for new side-tracks at Huntsville is 363.36
To wood and water stations is charged 6,651.44
   This amount covers total expense of new wood and water stations at Timberlake's and Gurley's, cost of completing stations at Trinity, Jonesboro, Barton, Iuka tank, Walker's, and Burns'; also at Piney and Cane Creeks; the cost of a machine for boring pump logs is also included, as well as the cost of logs and boring same.
Items of Equipments for Both Divisions
Locomotives stand charged with 75,116.01
   This amount includes the cost of two first class passenger engines, and six freight engines, less $6,000 charged to running expenses for total loss of the engine Cherokee by explosion.
The amount charged to passenger and baggage cars is 9,800.00
   Covering the cost of four first class passenger cars.
To freight cars is charged 32,867.67
   Covering the cost of twenty box cars bought of the Miss. Cent. Railroad Railroad, and eighteen box and forty-one platform cars built in the shops of the Company at Huntsville and Memphis, less $16,000 charged to running expenses for cars broken up and condemned.
Machinery for shops 3,001.27
   Includes the cost of a hydrostatic wheel press, a punching machine, a mortising machine, and an upright drill; also, feed attachment to a planing machine, additional shafting, belting, etc,
   The work done during the year is of the most substantial character, and adds greatly to the permanency and value of the road, Much of it has been done by company forces, and by this policy a great saving in cost has been effected, and work of a better character secured.
   During the year the filling of Big Hill trestle and the three high trestles near Saulsbury, hitherto so much dreaded by the operatives of the road and by passengers, have been completed The insecure trestles in the vicinity of Tennessee river have also been filled. A tabular statement, showing the present condition of bridges and trestles on the entire road, is herewith submitted. A comparison of this with a similar statement, given in the seventh annual report, (1857) shows that the aggregate length of permanent bridges has been increased 2,181 feet, (exclusive of the Tennessee bridge, on the Florence branch, 2,230 feet,) and that the aggregate length of trestles has been diminished from 31,663 feet to 12,621 feet. Most of these improvements have been made within the last two years, and it is believed that the value of the Company's property has been increased thereby to an amount far greater than their cost. The increasing business of the road has demanded greater facilities at Memphis; these have been furnished by the construction of a cotton platform of upwards of seven acres in extent, and by the addition of six thousand seven hundred and thirty-six feet of side tracks.
   The side tracks at Huntsville have been increased two thousand and eighty-eight feet.
   The total increase of side tracks upon the entire road during the year is two miles and seventeen hundred and twenty-six feet.
   New brick depots have been erected at Collierville, Lafayette and Scottsboro.
   The system of wood sheds and water houses commenced during the last year has been progressed with, and nearly every important wood and water station is now under shelter. In consequence of the unsettled condition of the country much work that was in contemplation at the commencement of the year has been deferred, and there is now no work under contract. Small forces of masons and of bridge builders in the employ of the Company are still kept at work finishing structures that are looked upon as necessary for the successful running of the road through the winter; and it is not deemed advisable that any new work should be started, or the Company's force increased until the affairs of the country are permanently settled. On this account, I submit no estimate of work that should be progressed with during the current year. The entire road is now in excellent condition, and, by slightly greater expenses of repairs, it can be kept so without much increase of the construction account. The masonry built by the company forces has been under the charge of Mr. L. C. Watson, and I take great pleasure in reporting that he has managed his work with good judgment and economy, effecting a saving in the cost of a t least thirty-three and a third per cent. over similar work done by contractors.
   Equal credit is also due Messrs. A. W. Drew and J. H. Riffle, in charge, respectively, of carpenter work and bridge construction.
   An inspection of statement A, shows the total cost of road and equipment to be $7,106,625.03. For this expenditure the Company have property as follows:
271 miles of first class railroad, Memphis to Stevenson
6 miles of first class railroad, Florence branch
13 miles of first class railroad, Somerville branch
21 1/4 miles Side Track
2 Brick Passenger and Office Houses
12 Brick Warehouses
25 Frame Warehouses
2 Large Machine shops, Engine Houses and Machinery
2 Large Car Shops
1 Foundry
15 Large Wood Sheds
34 Water Stations
25 Division Houses
16 Portable Houses
9 Stationary Steam Engines
50 Locomotives
32 First Class Passenger Cars
20 First Class Mail and Baggage Cars
2 Pay Cars
1 Large Boarding Car
324 Box Freight Cars
289 Platform Cars
25 Stock Cars
36 Gravel Cars
76 Road and Hand Cars
Full Equipment of Tools in every department
3,960 acres of Wood Land
4 Acres of Land corner Beale and Orleans streets, Memphis
City Lots in Huntsville
Maintenance of Way Expenses M. & C. Railroad for Year Ending July 1, 1861
  West'n Div. Eastern Div. Total, 1861
Chairs, spikes, switches, &c. 5,096.13 4,295.60 9,391.73
Cross-ties 25,788.63 51,469.42 77,258.05
Incidentals 1,935.30 4,066.07 6,001.37
Iron rails 6,492.86 7,814.83 14,307.69
Labor on track 49,274.53 59,910.64 109,185.17
Repairs of division houses 73.70 78.78 150.48
Bridges and trestles 9,815.87 14,085.80 23,901.67
Road cars 400.96 704.94 1,105.90
Tools and repairs of tools 816.72 922.13 1,738.35
Supervision 1,100.00 2,016.63 3,116.63
  $100,794.70 $145,364.84 $246,159.54
Total expenditures for the year 1860 and 1861


Against expenditures for the year 1859 and 1860


Showing a saving for the present year of


   A comparison of the details of expenditures of the year just closed with those of the previous year, shows an increase and decrease as follows:
Chairs and Switches $4,760.91 Increase
Cross Ties 24,442.98
Incidentals 4,008.85
Iron Rails 780.19
Labor on Track Decrease $13,290.69
Repairs of Division Houses 116.01
Bridges and Trestles 59,942.52
Road Cars 1,537.99
Tools and Repairs of 199.00
Supervisors 270.02
   It will be observed that the increased expenditures are principally for materials, and that very great savings have been made in the items for work.
   It must be expected that as the road grows older the expenditure for chairs, switches and rails will increase, and it is probable the increase will be greater hereafter than it has been.
   The number of rails taken out of the main track during the year is 209. They have generally been replaced by rails taken from the sidings. Two hundred and fifty tons of new rails have been purchased of the Atlanta rolling mills, and have also been laid down in the main track, with the improved double-lipped chair, two feet long. This chair has been in use upon the road for upwards of a year, and I still think it to be the best joint now in use.
   A new iron bridge, of Fink's patent, consisting of six spans of sixty-five feet each, has been built at Swan lake; the entire cost of which, $4,842.53, has been charged to maintenance of way expenses. The cost of a large amount of filling of trestles and raising embankments, has also been charged to same.
   There has been laid during the past year on the entire road 150,554 cross ties, and there are now on hand 76,027. This accounts for the large increase in expenditures charged to cross ties.
   The road being now so well supplied, it is probable that the amount to be paid for ties during the present year will be much reduced.
   An armed guard has been kept at all the principal bridges on the road since the breaking out of the war. The arms, ammunition and pay of the men composing the guard have been charged to incidentals. This accounts for the increase under that head.
   The items upon which the principal saving have been effected are labor on track, $13,290.69, and repairs of bridges and trestles, $59,942.52. This shows clearly that the policy pursued by the Company of investing money in the permanent improvement of road bed and bridges is most judicious, and it is believed that the expenses under these headings will be still reduced during the present year. The road has been remarkably exempt from accident during the year, no detention of importance having occurred to trains by reason of failure in the road bed. A culvert was washed out in August last near Dickson, but a temporary trestle was quickly erected, and but one train was detained. Stone abutments have since been built, and an iron bridge is now ready.
   In January the heaviest freshet occurred that has taken place since the construction of the road. By it several trestles were moved and rendered unsafe for crossing for three days. These trestles have been replaced by masonry and permanent bridges, believed to be secure against any freshet likely to occur.
   The policy of ballasting portions of the road bed composed of bad material has been continued, and track to the amount of about seven miles has been thus improved during the year by the road hands, and charged to maintenance of way.
   In conclusion, I beg leave to bear testimony first to the efficiency and worth of Mr. John Gramps, late Road Master of the Western Division, who died suddenly, on the 26th day of May, at his home, in LaGrange. To his activity, energy and promptness, in emergency, is due the successful maintenance of the road bed and track on the Western Division. His successor, Mr. J. H. Riffle, late Bridge Master, is attending to his duties in a highly satisfactory manner.
   I take pleasure in testifying further to the fidelity and good management of Messrs. McIntosh and Jordan, Road Masters upon the Eastern Division, under whose watchful care the permanent way has been kept at all times fully equal to all the demands of a heavy transportation.
   I further acknowledge the efficient assistance of Mr. Charles S. Williams, Civil Engineer, who was associated with me in charge of the department of maintenance of way and construction until the first of June, at which time he received the appointment of Assistant Superintendent, in charge of the Western Division.
   I cannot close this report without adverting to the universal kind feeling and harmony that has prevailed between the different departments and throughout the entire road, and I would beg leave to express my hearty acknowledgments to the President and General Superintendent, for the frankness, cordiality and kindness which has characterized their intercourse with me.
Respectfully submitted,
M. B. Prichard
Chief Engineer