AR, A&TR 4/1/1866 S

Annual Report of the Alabama & Tennessee River RR
as of April 1, 1866
Superintendent's Report
Report of the Superintendent
Office of General Superintendent
Alabama & Tennessee River Railroad
Selma, April 14, 1866
   I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the road, from the 1st of June, 1864, to the 31st of March, 1866. The road continued in regular running operation during the war, up to the last of March, 1865, with no interruption from military operations, except from the passage of the command of General Rousseau across its line at Talladega, in July, 1864. No very considerable damage was sustained by that movement, the whole loss consisting of the destruction of the depot and two cars at Talladega, and a slight injury to the track. The running of trains was suspended for a few days only on the the upper portion of the road. On the 29th of March, 1865, General Wilson's command advancing from north Alabama reached the road at Montevallo and Limekilns. On his approach and advance along the line of the road, the rolling stock was all withdrawn from the road and concentrated at Selma. On the 1st of April, it became evident that the city would be captured, and measures were immediately taken to remove the  property of the road to a place of safety. On the morning of the 2d of April, after all of the trains were gone, except one which had been reserved for the removal of the tools and machinery of the shops, a requisition was made by the military for a train to bring in some government property from Burnsville.  The attempt to accomplish this object deprived us of the only means of saving the tools, which had to be abandoned to their fate, the train having returned to Selma, only in time to escape before the attack on the city commenced. All the other valuable movables of the company, with such portions of the rolling stock as were in running order, were taken out on the Selma & Meridian railroad, and kept safe until the cessation of hostilities. All that was left in Selma was committed to the flames by General Wilson.
   After the evacuation of the city, the situation was as follows: In Selma the depot, shops, with the tools and machinery, foundry, engine-house, and storehouse were in ruins. The track was damaged, and covered with the wrecks of burn locomotives and cars which had  been left in a disabled condition on the day of the capture. All of the truss bridges and station-houses, and several of the water tanks south of Shelby Springs, were burnt. About one mile of the track was rendered unserviceable by the burning of the cross-ties and bending of the iron. North of Talladega the three bridges and all the station-houses were destroyed by General Croxton's command. The rolling stock which had been saved was cut off from the road by the destruction of two bridges on the Selma & Meridian road, and consequently could not be made available in the work of reconstruction. The laboring force of the company had been kept together as well as circumstances permitted, but was in great part scattered and demoralized. Throughout the country disorganization, and a general scarcity of provisions, and of all appliances and means for carrying on work, prevailed. There was no money in the treasury, and no means of procuring any. A small stick of provisions which was obtained from the confederate stores, the generous aid of the few friends of the road who were in a  condition to render it, and the4 credit of the company, were the only resources that could be made available for putting the road in working order. *****
   ***** An engine and a few cars which had escaped destruction on the Shelby Iron Company's road were brought into service for a short time, but being controlled by General Hill with a military force, this train was kept at the upper end of the road, when General Croxton's command passed along the road, and was there captured and destroyed. A small train, in very inefficient condition, was then procured from the South & North railroad, and by its aid the work was carried on. *****
   The earnings from 1st of June, 1864, to the 31st of March, 1865, ten months, were as follows:
Earnings from private passage $361,399.95
private freight 413,751.25
express 40,000.00
rent of rolling stock 7,769.75
transient work in shops 26,178.90
Total earnings other than from government business $849,099.85
Earnings from government passage 223,640.04
government freight 681,301.43
mails 10,082.50
Total earnings of ten months 1,764,123,82
   The expenses from June 1, 1864, to April 30, 1865, eleven months, were --
Expenses of conducting transportation $279,488.93
motive power 415,516.72
maintenance of way 261,594.55
maintenance of cars 93,877.55
transient work 15,380.36
Total expenses of eleven months 1,065,858.11
Net earnings, confederate currency 698,265.71
   The expenses of the month of April, 1865, during which the road was not in operation, were $29,479.36.
   If this be deducted from the expenses, it will reduce the amount to $1,036,380.75, and increase the net earnings, for the ten months of actual running, to $727,745.07.
   ***** The Talladega, which was ruined by a collision in 1864, has been broken up, and is not counted.
Respectfully submitted
W. Rothrock 
General Superintendent